Mardi | 2019-06-04
Salle des thèses 16h – 17h20
In 2014, within a context of persistent unemployment, increased use of short-term contracts and rise of the number of job seekers who work while remaining registered to the unemployment agency, a new agreement between employers’ and employees’ representatives introduced the droits rechargeables, roll-over entitlements, in the field of the French unemployment insurance. The principle of roll-over entitlements is that the more a jobseeker receiving unemployment insurance benefits works, the more she cumulates new entitlements and has an extended compensation duration. The underlying objectives of the device is securing the situation of jobseekers who alternate spells of employment and unemployment and encouraging the return to work. Roll-over entitlements, a French particularity, and the topic of alternating employment and unemployment are at the heart of the current debate over the French public employment service. To our knowledge, roll-over entitlements are not studied in the literature. Our paper contributes to filling this gap. Moreover, studying roll-over entitlements is particularly interesting as it questions the incentives of the unemployment insurance in returning to work and the influence of unemployment insurance on contracts’ duration. Our paper provides original work by analysing the trajectories of individuals who received unemployment insurance benefits and recharged their entitlements between October 1st, 2014 and December 31st, 2017 by using rich French administrative data on unemployment spells (FNA – Fichier National des Allocataires).