Mardi | 2015-01-27
Sully 5, 16h-17h20
This paper proposes an analysis of the impact of immigration on the situation of native workers in the labour market of South countries with an empirical study devoted to the analysis of the South African labour market.The paper first presents the methodology and the main results of the empirical literature on the impact of immigration on labour market. This question has been largely examined in the context of migration to North countries but it has, up to now, been subject of relatively little research, in the emerging economic literature on South-South migration. The particular characteristics of labour market of South countries lead to question the applicability of these analyses to the context of South-South migration. The paper discusses this issue andexposes the main elements that need to be taken into account when studying the impact of immigration in South countries.Then, an empirical application to the South African labour market is proposed. The particularity of the South African context is presented, in particular concerning its labour market but also as regards immigration. Then a econometric analysis, based on the methodology of Borjas (2003) is developped. The main result of this empirical analysis is that immigration exercises a negative impact on the level of employment of native workers in South Africa. The analysis shows also that immigration can led native workers to be more involved in informal activities.