Mardi | 2012-03-13
Rémi BAZILLIER – Cristina BOBOC-TRANDAS – Oana CALAVREZO
One of the most salient evolutions of labour markets in Europe is the increasing number of atypical job contracts and an increase in job turnovers. Therefore, the concept of employment vulnerability may be accurate to describe current evolutions. Moreover, in the context of an increased mobility of workers between European countries, emigration can be seen as a way to escape from employment vulnerability at home. Our objective in this paper is to provide appropriate measurement of employment vulnerability in Europe and to compare individual levels of employment vulnerability between migrants and local workers. We propose new indicators of employment vulnerability for European countries, using European Social Survey data. By using propensity score matching, we can compare level of employment vulnerability between migrants and other workers. We first show that migrants face a higher level of employment vulnerability, all things being equal. But we also show that this level of employment vulnerability is not statistically different from the one of similar individuals working in their origin countries. More precisely, we distinguish two categories of migrants. Low skilled migrants tend to have lower level of employment vulnerability than similar individuals working in their origin countries while we observe the opposite relationship for high-skilled migrants.